Slow dancing across a smooth wooden floor, wearing properly fitting shoes and appropriate attire poses little to no danger. Dancing as a past time can be therapeutic. Professional dancing on the other hand is an athletic sport which presents a myriad of back injury dangers. The professional dancers at the highest risk for back injury include: ball room, ballet, belly, clog, disco, folk, hip hop, jazz, Latin, pole, tap, swing and square.
All professional dancers like other athletes strive to show their audiences fetes never seen before. In striving to go beyond they twist and stretch farther, lift and jump higher, and in doing so unless they are physically prepared stand a great risk of back injury. Dancers must know their individual range of motion. That range can be broadened with practice and exercise. Going beyond individual range is improper technique and may result in back pain and injury. Repetitive improper technique will lead to permanent damage and disease such as arthritis.
Strains and sprains are the most common back injuries related to dancing. Back pain from a muscle strain is the result of a muscle being overstretched or torn. Sprains most commonly occur in the lumbar region or lower back. Sprains are the results of ligament and joint damage. Strains and sprains both result from falls, improper sudden movement and improper technique. When improper technique is repeated the body will give warning signals including cramps and spasms. This is one method the body uses when trying to protect itself. Cramps and spasms must be rubbed and worked out before further movement is made or serious injury can occur. Strains and sprains can both be successfully treated. Rest is the best cure.
One serious lumbar sprain is called the kissing spine. It is caused by sudden movement resulting in the meeting of lumbar vertebrae which were not designed to touch. Repetition of this action can cause severe and permanent back injury. Top Spine Doctors in New Jersey will provide exercises that will not result in danger while dancing. The movement of the body parts will be effective through the exercises provided through professionals.
A sacroiliac joint sprain is also a serious sprain which results in extreme back pain. The sacroiliac joint is located where the spine meets the pelvis. The function of the sacroiliac is to shift the load from the upper to the lower body. Dancers damage this joint when they exceed their normal range of motion. Recovery is possible with lots of rest and minor treatment.
Stress fractures or micro fractures of the spine result from sudden overextension. New moves must be thought out well, planned carefully and worked up to slowly to avoid causing stress fractures. Sudden overextension can also cause tendonitis and bone dislocation.
A herniated lumbar disc is one of the most painful injuries that a dancer can experience. It is a condition created when the cushion between discs looses fluid. Herniated discs are usually caused by falls or the improper twisting of the torso. The resulting back pain spreads from the lower back into the thigh and down into the lower leg. This pain often travels into the foot. Surgery is usually required to correct this back injury.
Another common back injury is the result of dancing on improper surfaces. Hard surfaces like cement must be avoided. Damage presents itself as shin splints’, however with repeated abuse back injury will occur.