home Guide Heating oil & Propane- the major differences

Heating oil & Propane- the major differences

When it comes to choosing a heating source, homeowners are often in a dilemma to choose between one of the two common options- heating oil and propane. Both these options are excellent heating sources and have their own band of followers. But then again, there are some major differences between the two. The post below offers a brief on the differences in between propane and heating oil.

Overview of Heating oil

Heating oil can be defined as a fluid form of heating source. It’s a kind of oil and hence fluid. Heating oil carries petroleum-derived hydrocarbons (14-20 carbon-atom dimension) which condenses in between 250 degree- 350 degree C in times of oil refining. In other words, heating oil comprises of varied hydrocarbons in distillated mixture with branched or linear chains. These chains demand a specific vaporization as well as condensation range. The condensation temperature of heating oil is around 160 degree -250 degree C. 

To avail heating oil for your home, you will have to contact a home heating oil delivery company. Your chosen delivery firm will deliver furnace diesel to your house and pump the oil from company’s tanker truck right into a big oil reservoir. 

Overview of propane

Well, propane comes in a gaseous state, unlike heating oil. It’s a form of natural gas which stays under pressure. In technical terms, propane is kind of hydrocarbon that carries 3 carbon atoms. 

 Propane should be pumped into some pressurized container for delivering it for, say a BBQ arrangement. There are pressure refilling outlets from where you can get your propane cylinder refilled once it gets empty.  To avail heating oil for your home, you will have to contact a home heating oil delivery company. Your chosen delivery firm will deliver furnace diesel to your house and pump the oil from company’s tanker truck right into a big oil reservoir. 

What are the sources?

Though both Propane and heating oil are excellent heating resources yet they are derived from different sources. 

Propane is the byproduct of natural gas and petroleum extraction. 

On the other hand, heating oil forms as a result of crude oil distillation. The crude oil that is distilled to form heating oil is extracted from core of the earth- akin to other kinds of petroleum products such as bunker oil, diesel fuel gasoline, kerosene and so on. The distillation process of producing heating oil is informally known as “cracking”.

Other differences

Once spilled, propane gas tends to dissipate right into air. On the other hand, if a heating oil is spilled, you have to clean it up immediately, lest it would be endangering to the environment. So, yes, heating oil spillage needs more elaborate and laborious management. 

In terms of prices, propane tends to more costly per heat output unit in comparison to heating oil in the US. So, if cost is a factor, heating oil will be a more affordable option for you. 

Which one is more efficient?

Well, heating oil seems to be more efficient compared to other liquid fuels as well as propane. So, if you need to choose an option based on efficiency meter, heating oil would be your choice.

Perks of choosing heating oil

Heating oil promises an energy-efficient and cost-efficient heating resource. It can warm up your home pretty fast and provide you with coziest of warmth. You should know that the burning temperature of heating oil is higher compared to natural gas which makes the former a faster heating agent. 

Put simply, Heating oil tends to burn around 400 degrees warmer in comparison to natural gas. Thus, when you will use heating oil, your home would heat up much faster as well as with lesser fuel and ensure excellent savings for you. In fact, with home heating oil, you will experience .5-5.5 x lower energy costs in comparison to heating systems powered by electric.

The US is one of the largest consumers of home heating oil and there are several heating oil companies around you. But, then, not all companies can assure safe heating oil delivery in New Jersey. Thus, always make sure to look for a highly reputed and seasoned company which assures satisfaction guarantee and prompt delivery. Your chosen one should also be flexible to cater customers 24/7. 

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David Robson

David Robson is the founder of Complus Alliance. He has been writing about different topics for almost 10 years. He’s main focus is delivering quality insights to a wide array of audience.